Black or brown, can be over 40 cm long, with a long tail, large ears and eyes, and a pointed nose. Body is smaller and sleeker than the Norway rat’s. Fur is smooth.Roof
Roof rats are highly adaptable. They prefer to live in high places, but may live in a variety of environments. They are nocturnal by nature and are accomplished climbers. As their name suggests, roof rats may be found in elevated areas such as trees, rafters, attics and roofs. Roof rats can also nest on the ground if necessary.
In dense populations, roof rats will establish a social hierarchy, wherein dominant males mate more than subordinate males.
They prefer to consume fruits and nuts, although roof rats are omnivorous and will feed on almost anything available to them. These rodents have been known to consume tree bark, meat and grain. Roof rats are also food hoarders, stashing supplies of food such as seeds and nuts.
Roof Rat Biology
Roof rats are also commonly known as black or ship rats. They are long, slender rodents that reside in arboreal spaces. Roof rats may inhabit trees, roofs, eaves or attics. Their tails are as long as or longer than their bodies.
Roof rats can be carriers of several diseases and are formidable pests in human dwellings. They are thought to have been one of the carriers of the fleas which caused the Black Death in Europe. Fleas on the rats bite and spread the plague to humans. Roof rats are also capable of spreading illnesses through their bite, urine and droppings.